Introduction

 

 

Clackamas County Court

       Oregon Revised Statutes: 203.035:
(1) ... the governing body or the electors of a county may by ordinance
exercise authority within the county over matters of county concern,
to the fullest extent allowed by Constitutions and laws of the United States and of this state
, ...
(2) The power granted by this section is in addition to other grants of power to counties,
shall not be construed to limit or qualify any such grant and shall be liberally construed, to the end that
counties have all powers over matters of county concern that it is possible for them to have
under the Constitutions and laws of the United States and of this state
. ...

Oregon Revised Statutes: 203.111; County Governing Bodies:
... a county court shall be the governing body
and shall exercise general legislative authority over all matters of county concern ...

“ ... the American county, defined by Webster as 'the largest territorial division for local government within a state ...,'
is based on the Anglo-Saxon county of England dating back to about the time of the Norman Conquest. ... ”
(Oregon Blue Book; Secretary of State, County Government Section, 1997-98)

"Before the Norman conquest of England in 1066, the people were the fountainhead of Justice.
The Anglo-Saxon courts of those days were composed of large numbers of freemen, and the law
which they administered, was that which had been handed down by oral tradition from generation to generation. In competition with these popular, non-professional courts, the Norman King, who insisted that he was the fountainhead of justice, set up his own tribunals.  The judges who presided over these royal courts were the agents or representatives of the king, not of the people; but they were professional lawyers * * * and the courts over which they presided * * * gradually all but displaced the popular, non-professional courts."
"The Anglo-Saxon tribunals had been open to all; every freeman could appeal to them for justice.   But there was no corresponding right to sue in the king's courts.  That was a privilege which had to be purchased by any suitor who wished to avail himself of * * * royal justice.  
These privileges were issued to suitors by the king's secretary or chancellor,
and the document which evidenced the privilege was called an original writ.
"Common Law Pleading"; by George L. Clark; Lawyers Co-Op; 1947 (First Chapter, Opening)